European Union

Persistent low income

All the graphs below use the main EU measure of low income, namely a household income below 60% of the contemporary, national, median household income before deducting housing costs.  All household incomes are after taxes have been deducted and after adjustment ('equivalisation') for household size and composition.

This level of income is referred to as 'the poverty line' as that is the term used for it by the EU.  It is the same measure of low income as that used in most of the UK-specific sections of this website except that it is before, rather than after, deducting housing costs.

Note that, although there is later data for many countries, the latest data for the United Kingdom is for 2001 and thus that 2001 data has been used in the graph for all the countries.  Also note that there is no data available for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia or Sweden.

The data source is the Eurostat indicators website.

Graph 1: Persistent low income

View Graph as PDF (resizeable)   Right click to save large version of Graph as PNG