European Union

Depth of low income

All the graphs below use the main EU measure of low income, namely a household income below 60% of the contemporary, national, median household income before deducting housing costs.  All household incomes are after taxes have been deducted and after adjustment ('equivalisation') for household size and composition.

This level of income is referred to here as 'the poverty line' as that is the term used for it by the EU.  It is the same measure of low income as that used in most of the UK-specific sections of this website except that it is before, rather than after, deducting housing costs.

The 'poverty' gap is then defined as the difference between the income at the poverty line and the median household income for those in poverty expressed as a proportion of the income at the poverty line.

The data source is the Eurostat indicators website.

Graph 1: Depth of low income

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