European Union

Low income rate before social transfers

All the graphs below use the main EU measure of low income, namely a household income below 60% of the contemporary, national, median household income before deducting housing costs.  All household incomes are before social transfers (e.g. taxes) but after adjustment ('equivalisation') for household size and composition.

The data source is the Eurostat indicators website.

Graph 1: Including pensions as transfers

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Graph 2: Excluding pensions as transfers

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