Rural England

Without central heating

Key points


Graph 1: Compared to urban

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Rural/urban ratios (urban = 10)

On most poverty and social exclusion indicators, rural areas have 'better scores' than urban areas.  The purpose of the table below is to differentiate between those subjects where rural areas are 'a bit better' and those where rural areas are 'a lot better'.  It does so by presenting the rural statistics for the indicator as a proportion of the urban statistics.  So, for example, a rural 'score' of 6 in the table below means that the rural statistic is around 60% of its urban equivalent.

Type of districtPoorest fifthHouseholds with average incomes
'Very rural' districts13 12
'Mostly rural' districts7 7
'Part rural' districts10 6


Definitions and data sources

The graphs

For each type of local authority district, the graph shows the proportion of households without central heating.  The data is split to show households in the poorest fifth of the income distribution and for households on average incomes (middle fifth of the income distribution) separately.  Income is household disposable income, equivalised (adjusted) to take account of household composition and is measured after deducting housing costs.

Level of the data

Lower tier local authorities (districts), as classified by the DEFRA 2009 classification system.  Both the DEFRA classification rules and their results by local authority can be found on the page on rural/urban classification systems.


2003/04 Family Resources Survey, DWP.  Note that the question has not been asked since 2003/04.


The numbers

Type of districtPoorest fifthHouseholds with average incomes
'Very rural' districts12% 11%
'Mostly rural' districts7% 6%
'Part rural' districts10% 5%
Urban districts10% 9%