Scotland

Children in low-income households

Key points

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Graph 1: Over time

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Graph 2: By family type

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Graph 3: By work status

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Graph 4: Shares

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Graph 5: Compared to Great Britain

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Definitions and data sources

The first graph shows the risk of a child being in a low-income household.  For comparison purposes, the equivalent data for Great Britain as a whole is also shown.

The second graph shows the risks of being in low income for people in different family types.  Note that a couple (and therefore both of its adults) is classified as a pensioner couple if either of the adults is of pensionable age.

The third graph shows the risk of a child being in a low-income household, with the data shown separately for the following family work statuses: all working (single or couple, with one in full-time work and the other - if applicable - in full-time or part-time work); part working (couples where one is working and the other is not plus singles or couples where no one is working full-time but one or more are working part-time); workless - unemployed (head or spouse unemployed) and workless - economically inactive (includes long-term sick/disabled and lone parents).  The self-employed and workless families aged 60 and over are excluded from the analysis.  The data is shown separately for the latest three years and for a decade earlier.

The fourth graph shows a breakdown of the children who are in low-income households by family type and work status (workless or someone in paid work).

The fifth graph shows how the risk of children being in low-income households in Scotland compares with the rest of Great Britain, with the data shown separately for the latest three years and for a decade earlier.

The data source for all the graphs is Households Below Average Income, based on the Family Resources Survey (FRS).  A child is defined as an individual who is either under 16 or is an unmarried 16- to 18-year-old on a course up to and including A level standard (or Highers in Scotland).   Income is disposable household income after deducting housing costs and the low-income threshold is the same as that used elsewhere, namely 60% of British contemporary median household income.  All the data is equivalised (adjusted) to account for differences in household size and composition.  The self-employed are included in the statistics.  Note that in 2007 DWP made some technical changes to how it adjusted household income for household composition (including retrospective changes) and, as a result, the data is slightly different than previously published figures.  The averaging over three-year periods has been done to improve statistical reliability.

Overall adequacy of the indicator: high.  The FRS is a well-established annual government survey, designed to be representative of the population as a whole.  Note, however, that the coverage of the surveys prior to 2001/2 did not extend beyond the Caledonian Canal.

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External links

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