Scotland

Low pay by industry

Key points

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Graph 1: Risks

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Graph 2: Shares

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Definitions and data sources

The first graph shows how the proportion of employees who were paid less than 7 per hour varies by industry sector, with the data shown separately for men and women.

The second graph shows the share of employees paid less than 7 per hour by industrial sector.

Of the 21 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 2007 industry sectors, some have been combined together for presentations purposes: 'manufacturing and other production' is industry codes A-F; 'private sector services' is codes H plus J-N; and 'community services' is codes R-S.

A low pay threshold of 7 per hour has been used.  This threshold is roughly two-thirds of UK median hourly earnings and is commonly used as a threshold when analysing low pay.

The data source for both graphs is the Labour Force Survey.  People whose hourly pay rates cannot be calculated from the survey data have been excluded from the analysis.

Overall adequacy of the indicator: medium.  The Labour Force Survey is large, a well-established, quarterly government survey of designed to be representative of the population as a whole but there are some doubts about the reliability of its low pay data.

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