Wales

Location of low income

Key points

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Graph 1: Working-age over time

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Graph 2: Working-age by local authority

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Working-age map

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Graph 3: Retirement-age over time

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Graph 4: Retirement-age by local authority

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Retirement-age map

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Definitions and data sources

There is no direct data on the location of low income people within Wales.  In this context, this indicator looks at the location of people who are reliant on the state for their income.

For all the graphs and maps, the data is for the month of February of each year.

The first and second graphs are concerned with the proportion of working-age people who are in receipt of one or more 'key out-of-work benefits'.

'Key out-of-work benefits' is a DWP term which covers the following benefits: Jobseeker's Allowance, Income Support, Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance and Carer's Allowance.  Note that this list is slightly different from 'key benefits', which also include Disability Living Allowance.

The first graph shows the proportion of those of working age claiming at least one key out-of-work benefit.  The data is shown separately for The Valleys, Cardiff and the rest of Wales.

The second graph shows, for the latest year, how the proportion of the working-age population who are in receipt of a key out-of-work benefit varies by local authority.  The map shows the same data but by super output area.

The third and fourth graphs are concerned with the proportion of people aged 60 and over who are in receipt of the guaranteed part of Pension Credit and its predecessors (Minimum Income Guarantee and Income Support).  This measure, rather than the broader measure of key benefits, is used because those in receipt of other benefits who have a low income will also be eligible for the guaranteed part of Pension Credit.  The lower age limit of 60, rather than retirement age, is used because this is the age at which people become eligible for Pension Credit.

The third graph shows the number of people in receipt of the guaranteed part of Pension Credit and its predecessors as a proportion of all people aged 60 and over.  The data is shown separately for The Valleys, Cardiff and the rest of Wales.

The fourth graph shows, for the latest year, how the proportion of people aged 60 and over in receipt of the guaranteed part of Pension Credit varies by local authority.  The map shows the same data but by super output area and using the number of people of pensionable age as the denominator (estimates of the numbers of people aged 60 and over not being available at a super output area level).

The data source for all the graphs and maps is the DWP Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study.  The data has been analysed to avoid double-counting of those receiving multiple benefits by matching data from individual samples.

Overall adequacy of the indicator: high.  The data is thought to be very reliable and is based on information collected by the DWP for the administration of benefits.

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