Wales

Low income by family type

Key points

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Graph 1: By family type

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Graph 2: Depth of low income

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Definitions and data sources

The first graph shows the risks of being in low income for people in different family types.  Note that a couple (and therefore both of its adults) is classified as a pensioner couple if either of the adults is of pensionable age.

The second graph shows, by family type, the number of people living in low-income households.  For simplicity reasons, some of the family types from the first graph have been grouped together.  Note that working-age adults living with a pensionable-age spouse are counted in the pensioner family type.

The data source for both graphs is Households Below Average Income, based on the Family Resources Survey (FRS).  Income is disposable household income after deducting housing costs.  The main low-income threshold is the same as that used elsewhere, namely 60% of British contemporary median household income, with the second graph also showing the numbers below 40% and 50%.  The data is equivalised (adjusted) to account for differences in household size and composition.  The self-employed are included in the statistics.  Note that in 2007 DWP made some technical changes to how it adjusted household income for household composition (including retrospective changes) and, as a result, the data is slightly different than previously published figures.  The averaging over three-year periods has been done to improve statistical reliability.

Overall adequacy of the indicator: high.  The FRS is a well-established annual government survey, designed to be representative of the population as a whole.

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External links

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