- During the 1990s, a gap appears to have opened up in the rate of infant deaths between children born to parents with a non-manual social background and ones born to parents from a manual social background.
- Geographic variations in the rate of infant deaths follow a different pattern than that for many other indicators of disadvantage. For example, the Valleys generally has rates which are around average and Merthyr Tydfil has one of the lowest rates.
- The rate of infant deaths in Wales is similar to the United Kingdom average.
- Over the years 1998-2001, the infant mortality rate in the most deprived fifth of areas in Wales was 60% higher than in the most affluent fifth of areas. Deprivation and health, National Public Health Service for Wales, 2004.
The first graph shows the annual number of infant deaths per thousand live births, with the data shown separately according to the social class of the father. Infant deaths are deaths which occur at ages under one year.
The data is based on a 10% sample of live births using year of occurrence. Cases where the social class of the father is unknown have been excluded from the analysis. The data is up to 2001 only because the definitions of social class were changed in 2002 and the data by social class from 2002 onwards is not considered to be reliable for Wales.
The data source for the first graph is ONS child mortality statistics (although the data is not available publicly and is not available for any years after 2001).
The second graph shows how the rate number of infant deaths per thousand live births varies by local authority.
The third graph shows how the number of infant deaths per thousand live births in Wales compares with the rest of the United Kingdom.
The data sources for the second and third graphs are ONS vital statistics (for England and Wales), General Registrar Office (for Scotland) and NISRA vital statistics (for Northern Ireland). To improve its statistical reliability, the data in the second graph is the average for the latest ten years. The data in the third graph is the average for the latest three years.
Overall adequacy of the indicator: medium. The value is lessoned because the data by social class only goes up to the year 2001.