Wales

Concentrations of worklessness

Key points

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Graph 1: Rates

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Graph 2: Rates

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Graph 3: Shares

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Definitions and data sources

This indicator shows how the levels of concentration have changed over time, comparing the number of recipients in the tenth of This indicator examines how the pattern of recipiency of key out-of-work benefits by working-age people varies at a small area level  and how these patterns have changed over time.  It does so by placing the 2,000 small areas ('super output areas') in Wales into a number of equal groups according to the proportion of their working-age population who are in receipt of such benefits.  The benefits included are Jobseeker's Allowance, Income Support, Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance, and Carer's Allowance and, if someone is receiving more than one of these benefits, they are only counted once.

The first graph shows how the levels of concentration have changed over time, comparing the number of recipients in the tenth of small areas with the highest levels of recipiency with the half of small areas with the lowest levels of recipiency (where high/low levels of recipiency are defined in terms of the proportion of the working-age population who are recipients).

The second graph shows, for the latest year, the extent to which rates of recipiency vary between small areas and the third graph shows the share of the total recipients who are in each group of small areas.  Note that the denominator in the second graph is the total population aged 16 to 64 (rather than the working-age population) as this is the only age group for which up-to-date population estimates exist.

The data source for all the graphs is the DWP Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study, using small area population estimates from ONS as the denominator.  The data for each year relates to the month of February, with the year 2000 being the earliest for which such data is available. 

Overall adequacy of the indicator: medium.  The underlying data is a full count and is considered to be very reliable.  But the data is a count of people in receipt of key out-of-work benefits rather than a count of people in low income.  So, for example, it excludes all people in low pay and includes all recipients of out-of-work benefits even if they have some private income.

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