Wales

Adult education

Key points

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Graph 1: By social class

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Graph 2: By local authority

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Definitions and data sources

The first graph shows the proportion of adults aged 17 and over who have not studied or learnt since leaving school, with the data broken down by social class.  According to this socio-economic classification, AB represents professional/managerial; C1 intermediate and junior non manual; C2 manual skilled; and DE partly skilled or unskilled.

The data source for the first graph is the NIACE Survey on Adult Participation in Learning in Wales 2002 and 2003, with the results for the two years combined (the data is not publicly available).  The data includes all types of learning, both informal and formal, and training.

The second graph shows the 'Standardised Participation Rates' (SPRs) for all types of post-16 learning (higher education, further education and training) for each local authority.

The SPR is the number of learners living in an area divided by the expected number of learners (taking into account age and gender profiles) for each authority, multiplied by 100.  An SPR of less/more than 100 indicates that there are fewer/more learners living in that authority than would be expected based on the Welsh national averages.

The data source for the second graph is a calculation carried out by ELWa based on administrative data for 2000-2001 (the data is not publicly available).

Overall adequacy: limited.  In the first graph, questions have been raised over the breadth of the definition of 'learning' used in the survey and the sample size is relatively small.  In the second graph, the composite index masks different patterns of SPRs in higher education, further education and training.  Also, some forms of adult learning are excluded, for example ELWa-funded community learning provided by local authorities.

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